1 “Political Will” from the top – support anti-corruption champions; ensure swift penalties for embezzlement, misappropriation of government property, etc. UNCAC Art. 17.
2 Strong laws to protect “freedom of the press.“ Media campaign for public awareness about the extent and costs of corruption. Art. 6.
3 Reach out to the people. Support from civil society is critical. Art 13.
4 Merit based hiring & adequate pay for government officials. Art. 7.
5 Prohibitions against taking gifts; Annual disclosures for all government officials, signed under penalty of perjury (reviewed at least every 24 months). Art. 8(5), 52(5).
6 Ethics training programs for all govt. staff, and specialized training for personnel responsible for preventing/combatting corruption. Art 60.
7 Transparency, reporting and auditing for government procurement procedures and grants. Art. 10.
8  Adopt and enforce strong mechanisms for tracing, freezing and confiscating the proceeds of crime. Art.31. Bring in outside experts to assist prosecutions such as the International Commission Against Impunity in Guatemala. 
9 Criminalize both the offering to and acceptance of bribes by domestic and foreign public officials. Art 15, 16.
10 Illicit enrichment: criminalize significant increases in the assets of a public official that cannot be reasonably explained. Art. 20.
11 Anti-money laundering: criminal penalties; regulations for financial institutions (including Beneficial Owners, SARs and PEPs Art., 52 (1)); mechanisms to overcome bank secrecy (Art. 40, 46(8)). Art 14.
12 Protections for witnesses and whistleblowers. Art. 32, 33.
13 A national corruption hotline and 10%-30% rewards for information leading to recovery of assets of corruption.
14 Qui Tam: allows a private person, known as a “relator,” to bring a lawsuit on behalf of the government, where he has information that the named defendant has knowingly submitted or caused the submission of false or fraudulent claims to the government.
15 Strong agreements with other countries to cooperate in all criminal, civil and administrative matters relating to corruption. Art. 43, 46.